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On March 6, , the legislature made its consent contingent upon a negotiated agreement on the precise boundary between the two states. When commissioners from New York and Vermont met to decide on the boundary, Vermont’s negotiators insisted on also settling the property ownership disputes with New Yorkers, rather than leaving that to be decided later in a federal court.
Congress acted on February 18, , to admit Vermont to the Union as the 14th state as of March 4, The revised constitution of , which established a greater separation of powers, continued in effect until , two years after Vermont’s admission to the Union.
From the mids on, some Vermonters became activists opposing slavery , which they had previously worked to contain in the South. Abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens was born in Vermont and later represented a district in Pennsylvania in Congress. He developed as a national leader and later promoted Radical Republican goals after the American Civil War. In , it voted for Abraham Lincoln , giving him the largest margin of victory of any state.
The northernmost land action of the war was the St. Albans Raid —the robbery of three St. Albans banks, perpetrated in October by 21 Confederate agents. A posse pursued the Confederate raiders into Canada and captured several of them. They had to turn their captives over to Canadian officials. Canada reimbursed the banks, released, and later re-arrested some of the perpetrators. As English speakers came to dominate the population in Vermont, they anglicized the names of many ethnic French residents and often discriminated against them.
In the midth century, descendants began to reclaim their French names, especially surnames. Beginning in the midth century, Vermont industries attracted numerous Irish , Scots-Irish and Italian immigrants , adding to its residents of mostly English and some French-Canadian ancestry.
Many of the immigrants migrated to Barre , where the men worked as stonecutters of granite , for which there was a national market. Vermont granite was used in major public buildings in many states. In this period, many Italian and Scottish women operated boarding houses to support their families.
Such facilities also helped absorb new residents and help them learn the new culture; European immigrants peaked in number between and Typically immigrants boarded with people of their own language and ethnicity, but sometimes they boarded with others. Gradually the new immigrants were absorbed into the state.
Times of tension aroused divisions. In the early 20th century, some people in Vermont became alarmed about what they considered to be a decline in rural areas; people left farming to move to cities and others seemed unable to fit within society. In addition, there was a wave of immigration by French Canadians, and Protestant Anglo-Americans feared being overtaken by the new immigrants, who added to the Catholic population of Irish and Italians.
Based on the colonial past, some Yankee residents considered the French Canadians to have intermarried too frequently with Native Americans. In an era influenced by ideas of Social Darwinism , some Vermont leaders promoted eugenics , an idea that the population could be managed and improved by limiting marriage and reproduction by certain members classified as unfit or defective.
It passed a marriage law, to limit marriage by people considered unfit. In , the Brandon State School opened, the beginning of a related effort to segregate and control those judged unfit to reproduce. The state followed efforts to improve children’s welfare by establishing other institutions to house the mentally ill or disabled. From to the Eugenics Survey of Vermont conducted research and recorded the histories of families it determined were degenerate or dependent. It also attempted to educate the public about why restrictive measures, including voluntary sterilization, were desirable.
Review by current historians reveals the results were socially prejudiced, as the surveys tended to target the poor and disenfranchised minorities, including French Canadians, Abenaki, and disabled. In , Vermont was the 29th state to pass a eugenics law. Vermont like other states, sterilized some patients in institutions and persons it had identified through surveys as degenerate or unfit. It nominally had permission from the patients or their guardians, but abuses have been documented.
Two-thirds of the sterilizations were done on women, and poor, unwed mothers were targeted, among others. The surgery was performed at institutions and hospitals in the state supposedly devoted to care of people in need. There is disagreement about how many sterilizations were performed; most were completed from to , but such procedures were recorded as late as Vermont approved women’s suffrage decades before it became part of the national constitution.
Women were first allowed to vote in the elections of December 18, , when women were granted limited suffrage. They were first allowed to vote in town elections, and later in state legislative races.
In , the U. Supreme Court decision in Reynolds v. Sims required » one man, one vote » redistricting in all states. It had found that many state legislatures had not redistricted and were unjustly dominated by rural interests, years after the development of densely populated and industrial urban areas.
In addition, it found that many states had an upper house based on geographical jurisdictions, such as counties. This gave disproportionate power to rural and lightly populated counties. The court ruled there was no basis for such a structure. Major changes in political apportionment took place in Vermont and other affected states. This ruling required districts to be reassessed after every census and to be based on roughly equal population, rather than geography such as counties.
Under redistricting, residents in urban areas were to gain an equitable share of apportionment in both houses in every state. Vermont and some other northern states had long been dominated by rural districts, as were several Southern states in those years, who had not redistricted since the turn of the century. This arrangement had meant that urban areas did not have proportionate political power and often suffered from underinvestment in needed infrastructure; other urban issues were also neglected by rural-dominated legislatures.
In July , Vermont became the first state to introduce civil unions. In , Vermont became the first state to legalize same-sex marriage , unforced by court challenge or ruling. On January 22, , Vermont became the first of the United States to legalize cannabis for recreational use by legislative action, and the ninth state in the United States to legalize marijuana for medical purposes. This law was signed by Republican Governor Phil Scott. Vermont is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States and comprises 9, square miles 24, km 2 , making it the 45th-largest state.
It is the only state that does not have any buildings taller than feet 38 m. In total area, it is larger than El Salvador and smaller than Haiti. It is the only landlocked state in New England, and it is the easternmost and the smallest in area of all landlocked states. The Green Mountains in Vermont form a north—south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center. In the southwest portion of the state are located the Taconic Mountains.
In the south of the valley is Lake Bomoseen. The west bank of the Connecticut River marks the state’s eastern border with New Hampshire, though much of the river flows within New Hampshire’s territory. Lake Champlain , the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the United States, separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state. From north to south, Vermont is miles km long.
Its greatest width, from east to west, is 89 miles km at the Canada—U. The width averages The state’s geographic center is approximately three miles 5 km east of Roxbury , in Washington County. There are fifteen U. Several mountains have timberlines with delicate year-round alpine ecosystems, including Mount Mansfield , the highest mountain in the state; Killington Peak , the second-highest; Camel’s Hump , the state’s third-highest; and Mount Abraham , the fifth-highest peak.
The topography and climate make sections of Vermont subject to large-scale flooding. Incidents include the Great Vermont Flood of , which killed 84 and damaged much of the state’s infrastructure,  the flood of , which covered many of the state’s roads in the southeast,  and Tropical Storm Irene in , which caused substantial damage throughout the state.
The most populous city in Vermont is Burlington. Its metropolitan area is also the most populous in the state, with an estimate of , as of Although these towns are large enough to be considered cities, they are not incorporated as such. The annual snowfall averages between 60 and inches 1, and 2, mm depending on elevation. Vermont is the seventh coldest state in the country.
New England as a whole receives a range of less than 2, hours of sunshine in part of New Hampshire to as much as 2, hours of sunshine per year in Connecticut and Rhode Island. Climate change in Vermont encompasses the effects of climate change , attributed to man-made increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide , in the U. The state is already seeing effects of climate change that affect its ecosystems, economy and public health.
According to the Vermont state government, rainfall has significantly increased in the last 50 years, storms and flooding have increased, and winters have become warmer and shorter.
The state openly acknowledges and is developing programs that respond to global warming. There are five distinct physiographic regions of Vermont. About million years ago, Vermont was part of Laurentia and located in the tropics. Subsequently, about million years ago, the second mountain building period created Green Mountain peaks that were 15,—20, feet 4,—6, m tall, three to four times their current height and comparable to the Himalayas.
The geological pressures that created those peaks remain evident as the Champlain Thrust , running north—south to the west of the mountains now the eastern shore of Lake Champlain.
It is an example of geological fault thrusting where bedrock is pushed over the newer rock formation. As a result of tectonic formation, Vermont east of the Green Mountains tends to be formed from rocks produced in the Silurian and Devonian periods, and western Vermont mainly from the older Pre-Cambrian and Cambrian material.
It was one of the first tropical reefs. It is the site of the limestone Fisk Quarry, which contains a collection of ancient marine fossils, such as stromatoporoids , that date to million years ago. At one point, Vermont is believed to have been connected to Africa Pangaea ; the fossils found and the rock formations found on the coasts in both Africa and America are evidence affirming the Pangaea theory. In the past four centuries, Vermont has experienced a few earthquakes, rarely centered under the state.
The highest ranked, in , had a Richter magnitude scale 6. The state contains 41 species of reptiles and amphibians including the spring peeper , 89 species of fish , of which 12 are non native;  species of breeding birds, 58 species of mammals including black bears , eastern chipmunks , coyotes , fishers , red and gray foxes , porcupines , and woodchucks , more than 15, insect species including luna moths , and 2, higher plant species, plus fungi, algae, and 75 different types of natural communities.
Wildlife has suffered because of human development of the state. By the midth century, wild turkeys were exterminated in the state through overhunting and destruction of habitat. Sixteen were re-introduced in , and had grown to a flock estimated to number 45, in Several species have declined or disappeared from the state, including bats, many of which have been killed by white-nose syndrome ,  the New England cottontail , out-competed by the eastern cottontail rabbit ,  and the yellow-banded bumblebee , gone as one of 19 species of bee in decline.
Invasive species and organisms include the Asian spotted-wing drosophila , a destroyer of crops,  and eastern equine encephalitis virus whose antibodies were found in moose or deer in each of Vermont’s counties. Vermont is in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. Much of the state, in particular the Green Mountains, is covered by the conifers and northern hardwoods of the New England-Acadian forests. The southwest corner of the state and parts of the Connecticut River are covered by northeastern coastal forests of mixed oak.
Invasive wild honeysuckle has been deemed a threat to the state’s forests, native species of plants, and wildlife. Climate change appears to be affecting the maple sugar industry. Sugar maples have been subject to stress by acid rain , asian longhorn beetles , and pear thrips. In , the deer herd had grown too large for habitat, and many resorted to eating bark to survive the winter, destroying trees in the process.
In addition, the sugar maples need a certain period of cold to produce sap for maple syrup. The time to tap these trees has shrunk to one week in some years. The tree may be replaced by the more aggressive Norway maples , in effect forcing the sugar maples to «migrate» north to Canada. As of , This tension is expressed in the terms, «Woodchuck», being applied to those established in the state, and «Flatlander», applied to the newcomers.
As of , Vermont was one of only two states in the U. From to , 16 out of Vermont’s towns experienced an increase in population. All towns in Chittenden increased with the exception of Burlington. More than towns experienced a decrease, which had not happened since the midth century.
Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Of the population, In , This was the fifth highest percentage in the nation. Vermont leads U. Following national trends for opioid use, people seeking treatment for opioid addiction in Vermont increased from in to 7, in Linguists have identified speech patterns found among Vermonters as belonging to Western New England English , a dialect of New England English , which features full pronunciation of all r sounds , pronouncing horse and hoarse the same , and pronouncing vowels in father and bother the same , none of which are features traditionally shared in neighboring Eastern New England English.
Eastern New England English—also found in New Hampshire, Maine and eastern Massachusetts—was common in eastern Vermont in the mid-twentieth century and before, but has become rare.
In contrast with Southern U. Evangelical Protestants were dominated by independent Baptist churches. The largest non-Christian religious group outside of irreligion were Unitarians.
An estimated 3. In , Vermont had a total employment of ,, and the total employer establishments were 21, News ranked Vermont 37th for «business environment», it ranked it 18th for employment in Components of GDP were:  .
Canada was Vermont’s largest foreign trade partner in The state’s second-largest foreign trade partner was Taiwan. Approximately This was 15th nationally.
This compares to Agriculture contributed 2. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and «perform the functions of immigration officers in relation to the investigation, apprehension, or detention of aliens». Dairy farming is the primary source of agricultural income. In the second half of the 20th century, developers had plans to build condos and houses on what was relatively inexpensive, open land.
Vermont’s government responded with a series of laws controlling development and with some pioneering initiatives to prevent the loss of Vermont’s dairy industry. In , there were fewer than 1, dairy farms in the state; in there were 1,; in there were Within a group of states supplying the Boston and New York City markets called «Federal order Class I» ,  Vermont was third in market share, with The Vermont Barn Census, organized by a collaboration of educational and nonprofit state and local historic preservation programs, has developed educational and administrative systems for recording the number, condition, and features of barns throughout Vermont.
In , there were organic farms. Organic farming increased in —07, but leveled off in — A significant amount of milk is shipped into the Boston market. Therefore the Commonwealth of Massachusetts certifies that Vermont farms meet Massachusetts sanitary standards.
Without this certification, a farmer may not sell milk for distribution into the bulk market. The decline of farms has resulted in a regrowth of Vermont’s forests due to ecological succession.
Today, most of Vermont’s forests are secondary. The state and non-profit organizations are actively encouraging regrowth and careful forest management. In , 73, million cubic feet 2, In this century the manufacture of wood products has fallen by almost half.
The annual net growth has been estimated at , million cubic feet 4, million cubic meters. In , the price of wood products had either plummeted or remained the same when compared to previous decades, which meant there was cause for concern with jobs in the industry. The price of wood chips has halved in the same time frame.
For lack of demand, Vermont’s forests are growing twice as fast as they are being cut. An important and growing part of Vermont’s economy is the manufacture and sale of artisan foods, fancy foods, and novelty items trading in part upon the Vermont «brand,» which the state manages and defends. As of , Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.
The wine industry in Vermont started in As of , there were 14 wineries. As of , GlobalFoundries was the largest private employer in the state and provides jobs to 3, employees at its plant in the village of Essex Junction within Chittenden County.
Vermont has no fossil-fuel reserves, however its forest products industry provides fuel for electricity generation and home heating. Vermont consumed three times more electricity than it generated in-state in , and imported its largest share of electricity from Canada.
Vermont’s An increasingly aging population is expected to improve the position of aging services and health care in the state economy. The University of Vermont Medical Center , with approximately 6, employees, is the largest employer in the state.
In , the state attained a high of , workers. As of , there were , workers in Vermont. Eleven percent of these are unionized. A modern low of 2. Employment grew 7. From to , employment grew by 3. Captive insurance plays an increasingly large role in Vermont’s economy. With this form of alternative insurance, large corporations or industry associations form standalone insurance companies to insure their own risks, thereby substantially reducing their insurance premiums and gaining a significant measure of control over types of risks to be covered.
There are also significant tax advantages to be gained from the formation and operation of captive insurance companies.
According to the Insurance Information Institute, Vermont in was the world’s third-largest domicile for captive insurance companies, following Bermuda and the Cayman Islands.
In , there were such companies. In , the state had such companies. In , visitors made an estimated Tourism supported over 26, jobs, 7. In some Vermont cities, vacation homes owned by wealthy residents of New England and New York constitute the bulk of all housing stock. Hunting is controlled for black bear , wild turkeys , deer, and moose. The goal is to keep the numbers between 4, and 6, In , there were about , deer in the state, which is in range of government goals. In , hunting of migratory birds was limited to October 13 to December Waterfowl hunting is also controlled by federal law.
Some of the largest ski areas in New England are located in Vermont. The effects of global warming have been predicted to shorten the length of the ski season across Vermont, which would continue the contraction and consolidation of the ski industry in Vermont and threaten individual ski businesses and communities that rely on ski tourism.
In winter, Nordic and backcountry skiers visit to travel the length of the state on the Catamount Trail. Several horse shows are annual events. Vermont’s state parks, historic sites, museums, golf courses, and new boutique hotels with spas were designed to attract tourists. In —01, there were 4,, skier and snowboarder visits to the state.
There were 4,, visits in —, a rise from recent years. In , there were 35, members of snowmobiling clubs in Vermont. The combined association of clubs maintains 6, miles 9, km of trail often over private lands. The industry is said to generate «hundreds of millions of dollars worth of business. The towns of Rutland and Barre are the traditional centers of marble and granite quarrying and carving in the U. For many years Vermont was also the headquarters of the smallest union in the U.
Barre is the location of the Rock of Ages quarry , the largest dimension stone granite quarry in the United States. Vermont is the largest producer of slate in the country. The highest quarrying revenues result from the production of dimension stone. The work of the sculptors of this corporation can be seen 3 miles 4.
The national average was Vermont was named the nation’s smartest state in and This puts Vermont 11th-best in the nation. Most states have a higher bias. Government list of test scores shows Vermont white fourth graders performed 25th in the nation for reading and 26th for math The first three scores were not considered statistically different from average. White eighth graders scored significantly above average in reading.
Statistics for black students were not reliable because of their small representation in the testing. Education Week ranked the state second  in high school graduation rates for In , the ratio of pupils to teachers was the lowest in the country.
Experimentation at the University of Vermont by George Perkins Marsh , and later the influence of Vermont-born philosopher and educator John Dewey brought about the concepts of electives and learning by doing.
The principal mode of travel in Vermont is via motor vehicle, with A number of public transit agencies operate bus service at the local, county, and regional levels.
Burlington International Airport is the state’s primary airport. In , there were , motor vehicles registered, nearly one car for every person in the state. This is similar to average car ownership nationwide. In , Vermont owned 2, miles 4, km of highway. This was the third smallest quantity among the 50 states. The highway fatality rate was one per ,, miles ,, km , tenth lowest in the nation.
In , Vermont was ranked the third safest state for highway fatalities. Trucks weighing less than 80, pounds 36, kg can use Vermont’s interstate highways. The limit for state roads is 99, pounds 45, kg. This means that vehicles too heavy for the interstates can legally use only secondary roads. In , Vermont outlawed the use of billboards for advertisement along its roads. It is one of four states in the U.
Route 4 corridor. A patchwork of transit providers operate local bus service in every Vermont county, though route frequency and coverage are often limited outside major cities. Many operators also provide paratransit and regional express bus services. Green Mountain Transit is the largest operator in the state, with weekday ridership of 7, as of the second quarter of Vermont statute  requires the Vermont Secretary of State to designate newspapers that provide general coverage across the state as the «Newspapers of Record.
Vermont hosts 93 radio broadcast stations. The top owner of radio broadcast stations is Vermont Public Radio 11 broadcast frequencies and 13 low-power, local transmitters.
The state has 15 online radio stations. Vermont hosts 10 high-power television broadcast stations, three of which are satellites of a primary station. In addition, it has 17 low-power television broadcast stations, which in several cases are satellites of the high-power stations.
Vermont electric power needs are served by over twenty utilities. The state is a small electricity consumer compared with other states. Therefore, its electricity sector has the lowest carbon footprint in the country. As of , the state had the lowest wholesale electricity costs in New England. In , Vermont was the sixth highest ranked state for Well-Being in a study by Gallup and Healthways.
In , Vermont was ranked the highest in the country for health outcomes. In , the state implemented the Vermont Child Health Improvement Program to improve preventive services and management of chronic conditions. In , the state ranked third in the nation in child health system performance. In , Vermont was ranked number one in the nation as the healthiest place to live for the seventh time in eight years. Criteria included low teenage birth rate, strong health coverage, the lowest AIDS rate in the country, and 18 other factors.
A problem area was a high prevalence of binge drinking. The ranking for children was ninth best in the nation. This is better than most other states. In , Vermont led the nation in the rate of young people who had consumed alcohol in the past month; one-third of people aged 11 through One-fifth of that group had binged during that time.
In , Vermont was ranked second in the nation for safety. Crime statistics on violence were used for the criteria. In , Vermont was ranked among the best five states in the country for preventing «premature death» in people under 75 years of age. The rate of survival was twice that of the five lowest performing states. Parts of the state have been declared federal disaster areas on 28 occasions from to In , the Environmental Protection Agency cited Chittenden and Bennington as counties with 70 parts per billion of smog which is undesirable.
In , about , Vermonters got their health care through the federal government, Medicare , Tri-Care , and the Veteran’s Administration. The state started air drops of rabies bait for raccoons in Known rabies cases in raccoons peaked in at The program is in cooperation with neighboring states and Canada. Vermont is federally represented in the United States Congress by two senators and one representative.
The state is governed by a constitution which divides governmental duties into legislative, executive and judicial branches: the Vermont General Assembly , the governor of Vermont and the Vermont Supreme Court. The governorship and the General Assembly serve two-year terms including the governor and 30 senators. There are no term limits for any office. The state capital is in Montpelier. There are three types of incorporated municipalities in Vermont: towns, cities, and villages.
Like most of New England, there is slight provision for autonomous county government. Counties and county seats are merely convenient repositories for various government services such as state courts, with several elected officers such as a state’s Attorney and sheriff. All county services are directly funded by the state of Vermont. The next effective governmental level below state government are municipalities.
Most of these are towns. Vermont is the only state in the union not to have a balanced-budget requirement, yet it has had a balanced budget every year since In , Moody’s gave its top bond credit rating Aaa to the state.
The state uses enterprise funds for operations that are similar to private business enterprises. Vermont collects a state personal income tax in a progressive structure of five different income brackets, with marginal tax rates ranging from 3. There are 46 exemptions from the sales tax , including exemptions for food, medical items, manufacturing machinery, equipment and fuel, residential fuel and electricity, clothing, and shoes.
A use tax is imposed on the buyer at the same rate as the sales tax. The buyer pays the use tax when the seller fails to collect the sales tax or the items are purchased from a source where no tax is collected.
The use tax applies to items taxable under the sales tax. Vermont does not collect inheritance taxes , but does impose a state estate tax ; a Vermont estate tax return must be filed if the estate must file a federal estate tax return the requirement for which depends on federal law. Vermont does not collect a state gift tax.
Property taxes are levied by municipalities for the support of education and municipal services. Vermont does not assess tax on personal property. In , Vermont counties were among the highest in the country for property taxes. To equitably support education, some towns are required by Act 60 to send some of their collected taxes to be redistributed to school districts lacking adequate support.
Vermont is one of four states that were once independent nations Texas, California, and Hawaii are the others. Notably, Vermont is the only state to have voted for a presidential candidate from the Anti-Masonic Party , and Vermont was one of only two states to vote against Franklin D. Roosevelt in all four of his presidential campaigns the other was Maine. Vermont’s history of independent political thought has led to movements for the establishment of the Second Vermont Republic and other plans advocating secession.
Vermont is the only state in the United States that requires voters to be sworn in, having established the voter’s oath or affirmation in Republicans dominated local Vermont politics from the party’s founding in until the mids.
Before the s, rural interests dominated the legislature. As a result, cities, particularly the older sections of Burlington and Winooski, were neglected and fell into decay, and people began to move out to newer suburbs. Vermont was for many years a stronghold of the Republican Party. Ethno-political culture of the last century has seen a dramatic shift in voter turnout in the Green Mountain State. Since , Vermont has voted for the Democrat in every Presidential election.
Before , Vermont voted for the Republican in every single Presidential election, with the exception of A series of one man, one vote decisions made by the United States Supreme Court in the s required states to redraw their legislative districts to accurately reflect population. As a result, urban areas in Vermont gained political power. The legislature was redistricted under one-person, one-vote in the s. It passed the Land Use and Development Law Act in , to discourage suburban sprawl and to limit major growth to already developed areas.
The law, the first of its kind in the nation, created nine District Environmental Commissions appointed by the Governor , who judged land development and subdivision plans that would have a significant impact on the state’s environment and many small communities. Albans, and Derby — were newly built from the ground up. Because of the successful attempts to dilute what is perceived as the original intent of Act ,  and other development pressures, Vermont has been designated one of America’s most «endangered historic places» by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
When you purchase a Vermont wall map from Muir Way, you will get a custom-printed archival piece of art, not just a generic print. Unlike a mass-produced poster, our maps are printed on archival fine art paper and are certified to last years. The artwork on our maps is designed to bring new light to the beautiful terrain it features.
Our elevation maps incorporate hand-shaded relief and Digital Elevation Data with historical map data, creating a unique 3D effect on a flat surface, and our hydrological maps depict every river and stream in crisp detail. The meticulous craftsmanship and design we bring to our Vermont maps create heirloom quality artwork to last for generations.
It can! You can purchase your Vermont map professionally custom-framed with real wood, or unframed if you prefer to use your own. Our custom-printed maps of Vermont make the perfect gift for outdoor enthusiasts, to commemorate anniversaries, or as a thank-you gift for someone special. Memorialize the experience of a special holiday to the Green Mountains, Lake Champlain, or any of the other stunning Vermont landscapes.
One of our state relief maps can be a perfect graduation gift for a student about to leave home for the first time, or a reminder of home for someone from Vermont but who no longer lives there. Our maps also make beautiful corporate gifts that will remind your clients or colleagues of you every time they see it. Our maps are designed to offer crisp detail close-up and across the room.
Hang a framed wall map as a central focus or purchase several maps in a similar style or from a particular region and arrange them near each other for a complementary series. Our hydrological maps come in several colors or the classic black and white, and our geological relief maps feature vibrant colors.
No matter which you choose, you are sure to find a Vermont map that will look right at home. Our Vermont maps are available in several different styles, including:. Using Digital Elevation Data and hand-shaded relief, we custom enhance vintage maps to create a 3D effect on a 2D surface. Vermont elevation maps – Our Vermont elevation map uses Digital Elevation Data from the USGS and hand-shaded relief just like our relief maps to create a high-contrast 3-dimensional effect in stunning black and white.
Vermont hydrological maps – Our hydrological maps showcase the intricate network of waterways, from sprawling lakes to narrow tributaries that flow into larger rivers. What makes our hydrological maps unique? We apply a method called the Strahler Stream Order to show the hierarchy of streams as they flow from their source, with rivers shown thicker as they acquire the flow of tributaries. Map available in black, blue, or green. See our New England regional hydrological map for watersheds across New England including Vermont, or the Mid Atlantic regional hydrological map.
Jump to navigation. By and large, VCGI does not make maps. We instead coordinate, curate, and provide Vermont-specific digital information that others use to make maps, whether those are online or in print. VCGI and partner agencies do, however, provide a number of web mapping applications, some of which are linked below.
These applications are generally one of three types: viewers, dynamic or themed. Viewer applications host different kinds of spatial information that you can turn off or on depending on what you are trying to map. While they serve the same underlying map data, agencies provide different viewers with pre-loaded layers to make related uses easier.
Dynamic mapping applications contain layers that are regularly updated while focusing on specific kinds of map information. Themed mapping applications typically show one or a few kinds of content, usually at a snapshot in time. The data these applications show are static and are not guaranteed to be current or updated in the future. Vermont Municipalities Reference Map – 8. Vermont Municipalities Reference Map with Hillshade – 8. Elevation Includes Lidar. Vermont Interactive Map Viewer.
Vermont map – vermont map: –
Jump to navigation. By and large, VCGI does not make maps. We instead coordinate, curate, and provide Vermont-specific digital information that others use to make maps, whether those are online or in print. VCGI and partner agencies do, however, provide a number of web mapping applications, some of which are linked below. These applications are generally one of three types: viewers, dynamic or themed. Viewer applications host different kinds of spatial information that you can turn off or on depending on what you are trying to map.
While they serve the same underlying map data, agencies provide different viewers with pre-loaded layers to make related uses easier. Dynamic mapping applications contain layers that are regularly updated while focusing on specific kinds of map information. Themed mapping applications typically show one or a few kinds of content, usually at a snapshot in time.
The data these applications show are static and are not guaranteed to be current or updated in the future. Vermont Municipalities Reference Map – 8. Vermont Municipalities Reference Map with Hillshade – 8. Elevation Includes Lidar. Vermont Interactive Map Viewer. Municipal Parcel Map Status. Vermont Orthoimagery Finder. Vermont Orthoimagery Status. Menu Vermont Official State Website. Use the Vermont Interactive Map Viewer to create maps in your browser.
Planning Atlas – Two Column. Use the Department of Housing and Community Development’s Planning Atlas to create maps in your browser, with emphasis on pre-loaded planning-related datasets. Use the Enhanced Board’s Viewer to create maps in your browser, with emphasis on the complete e feature set. View the latest available parcel data we have for each Vermont municipality.
See info about the best available parcel data we have for each Vermont municipality. Vermont Boundaries and Jurisdictions. Displays Vermont’s most recent municipal, village, city, and legslative boundaries. Ortho Status Widget.
View the status of the most recent collection of georeferenced orthoimagery in Vermont. Ortho Finder Widget. Download available georeferenced aerial orthoimagery throughout Vermont. Lidar Status Widget.
Lidar Finder Widget. Download available georeferenced lidar-derived products in Vermont. Beneath the Trees Map Widget. Explore the surface of Vermont as exposed by bare earth lidar in this map application.
Storymap Community Revitalization-Widget. Value Per Acre-Widget. Standardized parcel data allows one to explore and visualize grand list attributes such as the assessed value per acre per parcel. Vermont Land Parcelization-Widget. See how land parcelization has impacted different areas of Vermont. The Generalized Land Use map from ‘s Land Capability Plan is georeferenced over a present-day hillshade in this map. News and Updates News. Data Release.
– Maps | Vermont Center for Geographic Information
A single white dot represents the resort location.