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Italian Grand Prix – Wikipedia.Race Tracks in Italy
Autodromo Nazionale Monza. Get up to speed with everything you need to know about the Italian Grand Prix, which takes place over 53 laps of the kilometre Autodromo . 95 rows · Italian Grand Prix; Autodromo Nazionale di Monza (–present) Race information; Number of times held: First held: Most wins (drivers) Michael Schumacher Lewis . Oct 06, · – Races held in Italy The calendar regroups all kinds of activities (Running, Walking, Nordic Walking, Obstacle Race, Bike & Run, Duathlon, Triathlon, Cycling, .
– Racing in Italy | Test Drive Super Cars on Race Tracks in Italy
In it became the most held Grand Prix the edition was the 92nd. It is one of the two Grands Prix along with the British which has run as an event of the Formula One World Championship Grands Prix every season, continuously since the championship was introduced in The Italian Grand Prix counted toward the World Manufacturers’ Championship from to and toward the European Championship from to and from to It was additionally designated the European Grand Prix seven times between and , when this title was an honorary designation given each year to one Grand Prix race in Europe.
Four editions before the World Championship were held in places other than Monza: Montichiari , Livorno , Milan and Turin The event is due to take place at the Monza Circuit until at least The first Italian Grand Prix took place on 4 September at a The circuit is specifically located in its namesake suburban town , which was built in in time for that year’s race, and has been the location for most of the races over the years.
Monza was built in the Parco di Monza , a public city park with a largely woodland setting, where the famous Royal Villa of Monza is also located. The Autodromo Nazionale di Monza was completed in and was just the third permanent autodrome in the world at that time; Brooklands in England and Indianapolis in the United States were the two others.
The circuit was 10 km 6. It was fast, and always provided excitement. The race included one of Harry A. Zborowski was killed at the following year’s Grand Prix at Monza driving a Mercedes. The race was the first of many tragedies that befell this venue. Materassi lost control of the car, swerved left, cleared a foot wide and foot deep ditch and ploughed into the unprotected grandstand opposite the pits, killing himself and 27 spectators, and injuring another It was the worst accident in motor racing history and remained so until the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
The Italian Grand Prix went on a three-year hiatus but the alternative non-championship Monza Grand Prix was run in and until the race , held in late May instead of the traditional early September, was won by Giuseppe Campari and Tazio Nuvolari , sharing an Alfa Romeo.
The race was something of an endurance race; it took ten hours to complete. The great Nuvolari won again in a shortened race , this time held in early June.
In , with the race being held this time at the traditional timeframe of early September, disaster struck again. Three top drivers were killed during the course of the Monza Grand Prix , a Formula Libre race held over three heats and a final in the afternoon of 10 September, after the Italian Grand Prix itself had been held in the morning, on what became known as the «Black Day of Monza».
Borzacchini went through the oily patch, lost control, spun wildly and the Maserati then overturned and violently flipped multiple times, and by the time the wrecked car came to a stop, Borzacchini was pinned underneath and was being crushed by his car, not having been thrown out. And while Borzacchini’s Maserati had been crashing all over the track, Campari swerved to avoid him, and by doing this, his car went up and flew off the banking and crashed into trees situated right next to the track.
Campari broke his neck and was killed instantly, and Borzacchini died later that day in a Monza hospital. Prior to the final, there was a drivers meeting to discuss the oil patch, and it was decided to clean it up. On the eighth lap, Polish aristocrat Count Stanislas Czaykowski was on the south banking when his Bugatti’s engine blew up, and a fuel line then broke.
The fuel from the Bugatti’s tank caught fire after touching the very hot front section of the Bugatti where the engine and gearbox were and the burning fuel sprayed onto Czaykowski. Blinded by the smoke and flames on him, he went up and flew off the banking- at the same spot where Campari and Borzacchini had crashed.
The Polish driver, unable to put out the flames on his body which was fuelled by the fuel from his wrecked Bugatti, then burned to death. Frenchman Marcel Lehoux in a Bugatti was declared the winner of the shortened event. Enzo Ferrari , who had been close to Campari and Borzacchini; the former deciding to defect from Ferrari’s team to Maserati, became hardened by this tragedy.
Today, racing historians conclude that the events of this race marked a watershed, notably for Enzo Ferrari. It was the end to the joyful era of racing and the beginning of a harsher new age.
Safety in those days was completely non-existent. Spectators often stood very close to or even next to the track and they had no protection of any kind other than common sense. What was particularly tragic about the year old Campari’s death was that he had announced his retirement at the French Grand Prix two months earlier, to focus on his opera singing exploits. After the disastrous race, something had to be done to Monza.
This configuration was considered too slow and since the following year Florio circuit with five chicanes was used. These races were at a time when Mercedes and Auto Union became involved in motor racing; the German Silver Arrows won all of these races; with superstar Rudolf Caracciola winning in and in when the Italian Grand Prix was held at a street circuit in Livorno.
Italian Giovanni Bracco went off the road in his Delage and crashed into a group of spectators, killing five. This venue was never used again for racing, and saw it being held in Valentino Park , a public park in Turin. The race returned to Monza where it stayed for the next 30 years with the configuration ready before the war but never used yet. Monza’s banking had been built over and only the road circuit was used, which had been modified slightly.
The new long, fluid final corner was now two around degree corners. The race and the first championship was won by Giuseppe «Nino» Farina , driving a supercharged Alfa Romeo The furious pace saw the retirement of Moss and Ascari and Fangio went on to win while Moss pushed his Maserati F over the line.
After the running, work began on entirely revamping the circuit. New facilities were built and a new corner, the Parabolica, was built right before the pits.
Extra track used for a short course was eliminated. The biggest change was the construction of the new Monza banking. Built on top of where the almost flat, narrow original banking was, these huge concrete bankings, called the sopraelevata curves, were built in the same shape as the original banking had been. The only significant difference was that the Curva Sud was moved slightly to the north. This course was combined with the road course for the event , which was won by Fangio and was the last race contested by a full-fledged Mercedes factory effort in Formula One until Stirling Moss was already out of championship contention; and Fangio retired with a broken steering arm.
Musso ignored the order so Collins came in and handed his car and his championship chances to Fangio. Behra had retired early with a magneto problem in his own car and took over his teammate Umberto Maglioli ‘s car; but he retired that car, too.
Musso ended up leading after Moss ran out of fuel coming through Vialone. Moss was able to refuel his car and storm off after Musso and eventually the Italian retired with steering problems, and Moss, with Fangio catching him up fast, stormed round the track to take victory.
Fangio took second and his fourth Drivers’ Championship. Ferrari with their front-engined cars, had lost out to the advanced mid-engined British cars. Seeing an opportunity, the Italian organizers decided to re-include the banking with the road circuit, making Monza even faster and more in favour to the powerful Ferraris. The British teams were unhappy as they cited the fragility of the banking, which was extremely rough, had a concrete surface instead of asphalt, was of very poor quality and was supported by stilts rather than solid bedrock; the argument being that it was too dangerous for Formula One cars.
The British teams boycotted the race, so Ferrari had no competition. American Phil Hill took victory, in what was the last victory for a front-engined Formula One car. Two Ferrari drivers, Hill and German count Wolfgang von Trips , came into the race with a chance at winning the championship. Fighting for fourth place while Hill was leading and while von Trips approached the Parabolica, the Briton Jim Clark slightly moved over into the path of the German and the two collided.
Von Trips crashed into an embankment next to the road and then went flying into a crowd of people standing on it. Von Trips was thrown out of his car and was killed, as were 14 spectators. Clark survived but was hounded by Italian police for months after the incident. Hill won the race and the championship by one point.
The race was not stopped, allegedly to assist rescue work for the injured. It still stands, but in decrepit condition for a long time before being restored in the early s; the last time it was used was in for the kilometre sports car race that year. It was feared that there would be no finishers for the race itself. Briton Bob Anderson’s Lola crashed after losing a wheel on the banking, although he was not injured ; the drivers then threatened to walk off unless they raced on the road circuit only, which is what happened.
Jim Clark won the race in a Lotus. Against team orders, he fought hard with his teammate Graham Hill, Hill made a mistake at the Parabolica and Stewart was in command; this was all to the chagrin of team boss Tony Rudd. Surtees, now driving for Honda, battled with Australian Jack Brabham, and Surtees won the race by two-tenths of a second; and Clark, who had problems at the beginning of the race and lost a whole lap, stormed around the circuit, equalled his pole position time and unlapped himself to take the lead- but his fuel pump broke and he coasted over the line to finish third.
Stewart came out on top and beat Rindt by eight-hundredths of a second. The four drivers were all within two-tenths of a second of each other. With this win, Stewart won his first of three championships.
Rindt died not because of the impact but because he had not properly secured his seat belts and the buckle had slit his throat. Rindt became the only posthumous world champion, after Ferrari driver Jacky Ickx failed to overhaul Rindt. Ickx’s teammate Clay Regazzoni won the race, which saw 28 lead changes. On the last lap, Peterson got the inside line for the Parabolica, but Gethin got in front going alongside Peterson through the long right-hand corner, and beat Peterson to the checkered flag by the slimmest of margins; one-one hundredth of a second.
Cevert and Hailwood finished within two-tenths and Ganley was half a second behind. The race was the fastest Formula One race ever at that point in time.
It was really just a bunch of straights and fast corners and F1 cars had become increasingly advanced and much faster, and the drivers were constantly slipstreaming each other around the circuit. A small chicane was put at the end of the pit straight and another one at the Vialone curve; Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi won that race and his first Drivers’ Championship at only 25 years of age. His chief rival Jackie Stewart went out at the start with a broken gearbox. In , Stewart punctured a tire early in the race and went into the pits to have it changed; he came out in 20th place and finished fourth in the race while Fittipaldi finished second; this was enough for Stewart to win his third and final Drivers’ Championship.
Like the year before, Peterson won and Fittipaldi finished second, now driving for McLaren. Ferrari, which had regrouped completely under the leadership of Luca di Montezemolo , reached the high point of its resurgence. The Ferrari camp was feeling relaxed while rising star and championship leader Niki Lauda was leading the Drivers’ Championship, and the team was leading the Constructors’ Championship.
Fittipaldi and Argentine Carlos Reutemann had to win in order to have a chance at staying in the championship chase. When the race started, Lauda’s teammate Clay Regazzoni took the lead, with Lauda following; and Fittipaldi stormed round the circuit in an effort to catch the two Ferraris.
Fittipaldi passed Lauda for second but this did not matter as Lauda only needed fifth to secure the drivers’ title. Regazzoni took victory, followed by Fittipaldi and Lauda, who won his first drivers’ title and Ferrari also won the Constructors’ Championship at the same event. Two chicanes, called Variante Rettifilo were installed just before the Curva Grande, and another chicane, the Variante della Roggia, was installed just before the Lesmo bends.